Alcoholism Should Not Be Viewed as a Disease Most people have a confused idea of alcoholism as a disease that invades or attacks your good health. Use of such a strong word such as "disease" shapes the values and attitudes of society towards alcoholics.
Theory[ edit ] Alcoholism is a chronic problem. However, if managed properly, damage to the brain can be stopped and to some extent reversed. The risk of developing alcoholism depends on many factors, such as environment. They found that genetic heritability, personal choice, and environmental factors are comparably involved in the etiology and course of all of these disorders, providing evidence that drug including alcohol dependence is a chronic medical illness.
However, this does not suggest that a male who does have a genetic predisposition will become an alcoholic. Sometimes the individual may never encounter an environmental trigger that leads to alcoholism. Studies on children separated from their biological parents demonstrates that sons of alcoholic biological fathers were more likely to become alcoholic, even though they have been separated and raised by non alcoholic parents.
These rats preferred drinking alcohol over other liquids, resulting in a tolerance for alcohol and exhibited a physical dependency on alcohol. This study suggests that certain brain mechanisms are more genetically prone to alcoholism.
Some note that Scottish physician Thomas Trotter was the first to characterize excessive drinking as a disease, or medical condition. Changing Conceptions of Habitual Drunkenness in America  Rush argued that "habitual drunkenness should be regarded not as a bad habit but as a disease", describing it as "a palsy of the will".
However, this came decades after Rush and Trotter wrote their works, and some historians argue that the idea that habitual drinking was a diseased state emerged earlier. These policies were developed in in part because third-party reimbursement for treatment was difficult or impossible unless alcoholism were categorized as a disease.
The policies of the AMA, formed through consensus of the federation of state and specialty medical societies within their House of Delegates, state, in part: Some critics have used evidence of controlled drinking in formerly dependent drinkers to dispute the disease theory of alcoholism.
|Expert: Don't call alcoholism a 'disease' - Health - Addictions | NBC News||Tweet Alcohol is one of the most commonly abused substances in America today. It is legal for adults over age 21, easy to obtain and fairly inexpensive.|
|What Are Your Thoughts on this Topic?||However, a growing number of experts are challenging this view. One of them is neuroscientist Marc Lewis, Ph.|
|OUR LIFE SAVING APPROACH||Modal Trigger Shutterstock We all know addiction is a disease.|
The first major empirical challenge to this interpretation of the disease theory followed a study by Dr. Davies concluded that "the accepted view that no alcohol addict can ever again drink normally should be modified, although all patients should be advised to aim at total abstinence"; After the Davies study, several other researchers reported cases of problem drinkers returning to controlled drinking.
Subsequent studies also reported evidence of return to controlled drinking. This modern longitudinal study surveyed more than 43, individuals representative of the U. A followup of the original 7 cases studied by Davies suggested that he "had been substantially misled, and the paradox exists that a widely influential paper which did much to stimulate new thinking was based on faulty data.
But the greater the initial level of dependence, the higher the likelihood of relapse for nonproblem drinkers. It is not our role to resolve this medical issue on which the authorities remain sharply divided.
The report highlights the current state of knowledge of the mechanisms of action of different types of psychoactive substances, and explains how the use of these substances can lead to the development of dependence syndrome. However, with recent advances in neuroscience, it is clear that dependence is as much a disorder of the brain as any other neurological or psychiatric illness.
The American Psychiatric Association recognizes the existence of "alcoholism" as the equivalent of alcohol dependence. In the US, the National Institutes of Health has a specific institute, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism NIAAAconcerned with the support and conduct of biomedical and behavioral research on the causes, consequences, treatment, and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems.
It funds approximately 90 percent of all such research in the United States. The craving that an alcoholic feels for alcohol can be as strong as the need for food or water.
An alcoholic will continue to drink despite serious family, health, or legal problems. A disease cannot be cured by force of will; therefore, adding the medical label transfers the responsibility from the abuser to caregivers.
Inevitably the abusers become unwilling victims, and just as inevitably they take on that role.Alcoholism should not be viewed as a disease, but as an addiction brought about by the alcoholic's personal choices.
What is wrong with disease theories as science is that they are tautologies; they avoid the work of understanding why people drink.
Disease Concept of Alcoholism - the Myth. We are not alone in our assertion that alcoholism and drug addictions are not diseases. Please take a few minutes to understand what research is now telling us about alcohol rehab, alcohol abuse, alcoholism rehab, abusive drinking, and drug arteensevilla.comon: 9 Market Street, Amsterdam, , NY.
Alcoholism should not be viewed as a disease, but as an addiction brought about by the alcoholic's personal choices. What is wrong with disease theories as science is that they are tautologies; they avoid the work of understanding why people drink.
Why is addiction considered a disease? Drug addiction follows a similar pattern to other chronic diseases such as asthma and diabetes. The patient will go into remission, but may have several relapses before beating the disease entirely.
And like these diseases, addiction too can be treated and managed. Leading professional organizations – including the American Medical Association, American Psychiatric Association, World Health Organization, and American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) – subscribe to the notion that alcohol and other drug addictions are diseases.
Once you label somebody as having 'the alcoholism disease' then they will conform to it. e.g. adopt the signs and symptoms associated with drink addiction. It is self-fulfilling. The signs of alcoholism are vague and not measurable.