Fossils in kenya essay

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Fossils in kenya essay

Actually, the fossil refers to organic remains taken from the earth. So in common sense, fossils are the traces of the past life forms in the womb of the earth. These include amino acids, hydrocarbons, fatty acids, lipids, carbohydrates and the derivatives of other organic compounds.

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The existence Fossils in kenya essay insoluble kerogen is used as proof of biogenicity. Similarly, the occurrence of pristane and phytane, degradable products of chlorophyll molecule, may be used as proof of photosynthesis. Trace Fossils or Ichnofossils: These include animal tracks or foot print preserved in rocks, burrows of invertebrates, coprolites fossil excretesgastroliths polished stones in the abdomen of dinosaursgnawed bones, etc.

Microfossils are visible only after maceration of sediments.

Fossils in kenya essay

Large parts of plants like leaf, stem, root, flower, seed, etc. These are visible to naked eyes and are the better source of morphological as well as anatomical studies.

Generally, internal structure is not preserved, however, in rare instances cuticles, stomate, etc. Impression may be defined as the negative of a compression.

These are just impression of plant parts which do not contain organic matters as in compression Fig. The sediments containing the flattened plant parts become hardened and when split open shows the negative imprint i.

These are the best, but rarest types of fossil which preserve the external form as well as the internal structures. The petrified fossils can be cut into small pieces and series of section can be made for anatomical studies Fig.

The internal structure is degraded to form a cavity which is completely filled up by the surrounding sediments.

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Thus, the external preserved surface of the plant part is called a mold Fig. Stigmarian root system is an example of mold, while the pith cast of a Catamites stem is a common example of incrustation Fig.

Fossils in kenya essay

A certain time period is required for the formation of a fossil. Coal is a compressed fossil, while peat, an early stage of coalification is referred to as sub-fossil. These fake structures are mistaken for plant or animal remains. These are known as pseudofossils.

These are results of tectonic movement of earth or other geological upheaval. The petrified spherical balls containing plant parts are commonly termed coal balls Fig.

Human evolution - The fossil evidence |

These spherical balls are formed as a result of infiltration of plant debris in swamps by carbonates of calcium or magnesium, thus restricting the conversion of the debris into coal. Coal balls occur in localised regions and they range in few centimeters to several meters and weigh from a few to several pounds.

Coal balls are specifically significant in palaeobotanical studies. It consists of thin dead leaves, dispersed in organic matrix. The inner tissues of leaves are destroyed, thus the paper coal consists of layer after layer of cuticles, often with decomposed stems.

The carbonaceous lime stone horizon at Tovarkovo, in Toula in Russia, is an example of paper coal.Figure 1. Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) map, each point showing the position of galaxies with respect to Earth at the apex.

Background and beginnings in the Miocene

Their distances were determined from their spectra to create a 2 billion light-year-deep 3D map where each galaxy is shown as a single point. Here is your short essay on Fossils or animals of the past geologic ages preserved in the rocks of the earth's crust by natural processes are known as 'fossils'.

Nature and mode of preservation: The varieties in the fossils correspond to what is preserved and how it is preserved. Thus they are of the following nature. I. Introduction. It is by comparing themselves to nature around them that human beings can note their natural connection to the animal world, with which they share most of their vital functions.

Skull Of New Early Human Relative Found In Kenya -- Did Humans Descend From Lucy Or From Newly Discovered Creature? Date: March 23, ScienceDaily.

ScienceDaily, 23 March Human evolution, the process by which human beings developed on Earth from now-extinct zoologically, we humans are Homo sapiens, a culture-bearing, upright-walking species that lives on the ground and very likely first evolved in Africa about , years are now the only living members of what many zoologists refer to as the human tribe, Hominini, but there is .

Homo habilis. Homo habilis, which dates to between and million years ago (mya) is named for the Latin term (‘habilis’) meaning “handy, skillful, able” and is one of the earliest species in the genus Homo. Fossils of arteensevilla.coms have been found in Tanzania, Ethiopia, Kenya, and South Africa and represent cranial (from the skull), dental (teeth), and postcranial (from the skeleton.

Fossils in Kenya Essay | Essay Example